Original settlers consisted of various farming cultures, the Celts, the Greeks, and the Romans. Germans invaded the territory between the fifth and ninth centuries before the Middle Ages. As the Middle Age era surfaced, three dynasties paved the way to what is now modern Provence. Historical takeovers remained prominent through post Middle Ages with the region being incorporated as part of France in approximately 1486. A plague in the 1700’s led to a large diminishing of the population; however, artistic industries such as pottery became prevalent shortly after. The violent French Revolution caused extensive turmoil that was only subsided when Napoleon seized power in the later portion of the seventeenth century. Today, residents enjoy a more peaceful atmosphere where the original beauty that attracted a vast array of rulers has been preciously preserved.
Provence is known for its widespread contrasting landscapes with a few specifically increasing the popularity of this travel destination. The Rhone river can be found on the western portion as one of Frances commerce connections to the Mediterranean. It divides prior to reaching the sea with sections being referred to as the Grand Rhone and the Petit Rhone. The Alps reside northwest of this region to form the border between France and Italy. A series of inlets, referred to as the Calanques, are an ancient cultural remnant considered to be a famous coastal feature of this region.
Painters, writers, and film makers have all attempted to portray the beauty this destination has to offer. Louis Brea, a painter during the fifteenth century, created works in several churches of the region. Pierre Paul Puget was a prominent religious and portrait painter a century later. His famous sculpture creations can be found in the Louvre, Toulon Cathedral, and the additional structures. Additional artists of the area include Adolphe Monticelli, Vincent Van Gogh, Auguste Renoir, Pablo Picasso, and Claude Monet. Visitors can see numerous works created by these individuals in various museums. Provence, also the site of some of the earliest produced motion pictures, has been depicted in many modern films. The cuisine of Provence consists of a few main ingredients: olive oil, garlic, seafood, lamb, goat, and local fruits. Food is limited due to the locations poor terrain; however, visitors are still able to try several exquisite dishes from local cultures. Modern practices have greatly improved both the food and beverages one can try when visiting.